The prostate is a male sex gland located underneath the bladder and at the front of the rectum. It is about size of a walnut. The prostate produces a thick fluid that forms part of the semen.
About one-third of men over age 50 have some cancer cells within their prostate and almost all men over age 80 have a small area of prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer is one of the most controversial cancers in both diagnosis and treatment.
Prostate cancer remains the most frequently diagnosed cancer in the USA. The USA has the highest incidence of prostate cancer in the world.
Most prostate cancers growth is extremely slow, and in elderly men, will newer cause any problem. Men are more likely to die with prostate cancer than from it.
In a small proportion of men, the prostate cancers grow more quickly and in some cases may spread to other parts of the body, particularly the bones.
Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death for men, second only to lung cancer.
Every fourteen minutes a man dies of prostate cancer in the US.
Diet and genetics may be the factors in prostate cancer development. But they are not the only ones. Age, race, sedentary lifestyle may also play a part in contributing to prostate cancer.
Men who have a father or brother having prostate cancer are in increase risk to develop prostate cancer.
The PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) is a screening test for prostate cancer. A high reading suggests prostate cancer, but could be caused by other conditions. The PSA test is a not specific for prostate cancer.
Two out of three men with a raised PSA will not have any cancer cells in their prostate. Up to 1 in 5 men with prostate cancer will have a normal PSA test result.
Most men diagnosed with prostate cancer, following a positive PSA test, would be expected to have slow growing cancer which should not cause any problems during their natural lifespan.